(AP) Facebook, Twitter, and Instagram are among some of the hottest technology companies on Earth, according to a new study by an independent think tank.
The Center for Digital Democracy analyzed more than 10 million online social networking posts to determine how many companies have been around for as long as each other.
The findings are likely to increase pressure on Facebook, which is under pressure from regulators and privacy concerns.
Facebook has struggled with growing competition in the mobile and video space.
Twitter and Instagram have also been accused of promoting hate speech and misinformation.
The study says companies that make up the “five big five” — Facebook, Google, Twitter and Snapchat — are the most visible in terms of their presence online, though it notes that a significant number of companies are missing from the top 5.
That is in part because the data doesn’t include companies that are part of other organizations or industries.
But the center also notes that “companies with the most social footprint tend to be the most transparent.”
The study uses Google Trends to estimate the presence of a company’s most popular users, and then compares the data to other companies to see who is most visible.
Facebook, with 2.6 billion monthly active users, is the most prominent of the five companies, the report says.
Snapchat, which has about 2 million daily active users but which is listed as part of the “Five Big Five,” has a larger share of active users.
Google, which claims to have more than 8 billion monthly users, has a smaller presence than Snapchat, the center says.
Instagram, which according to the study has 2.1 billion monthly user users, doesn’t have much of a presence.
Facebook is one of only a handful of social networking sites with an active user base that isn’t owned by Facebook, according the center.
Twitter has about 665 million daily users.
Facebook also has an active Facebook user base of 1.6 million users.
Instagram has 1.3 million daily user users.
Snapchat has 1 million daily player users.
LinkedIn has nearly 667 million daily players.
Twitter is the largest social networking site, according it’s website, with over 2.3 billion daily users, with an average of about 1.2 million daily monthly active players.
Snapchat also has more active users than Twitter, with 1.1 million active users daily and more than 600 million active monthly players.
Instagram also has about 60 million daily daily active players and nearly 6 million monthly active participants.
Google has more than 700 million daily search users.
And Twitter has more search users than Instagram.
“These five big five are in a unique position in terms a place to create the illusion of authenticity,” said John Rizzo, a senior fellow at the Center for Data and Society.
“We’re seeing a new form of digital identity, where we’re seeing people on these platforms being able to speak for themselves.”
A Facebook spokesman declined to comment.
Facebook declined to respond to a request for comment.
The center’s study estimates that more than 1 million companies are involved in social networking, which could include companies such as Airbnb, Lyft, Uber, Instagram and Etsy.
The report says that while companies are often identified in public reports as being in business to generate revenue, the data often includes other social networks, such as LinkedIn and YouTube.
Companies that do not disclose their business activities are often excluded from the study.
The research comes as the Trump administration has proposed new regulations that would make it harder for businesses to be fined for using fake or misleading information to attract customers.
Facebook’s efforts to grow its business in social media are being challenged in court by the Justice Department.
The company has been under scrutiny for allowing content that includes racially insensitive or violent content, and for its decision to pay $20 million to settle a lawsuit by a black college student who said she was sexually harassed by a white engineer.
Twitter declined to talk to The Associated Press on Wednesday.
The companies have also faced criticism for their social media advertising, which often involves targeting people based on what they say.
Facebook reported last year that it had paid more than $40 million in fines and legal fees to settle claims related to false ads.
Twitter, which said it paid more $11 million last year, said it has also been able to recover money from people who have been misled about how they can get the most out of their online ad.
Snapchat and Google declined to answer specific questions about how many people it has paid out in settlements and fines, and whether those payments have been made to people in the U.S. or elsewhere.